This May was the warmest in the measurement history, in Europe heat hit Spain

2014 - 06 - 30
This May was the warmest in the measurement history, in Europe heat hit Spain

This May was the warmest May ever on the Earth in the temperature measurement history. That was announced by American experts from American National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) who were cited by AP agency. The average temperature on the Earth in May reached 15.54 degrees Celsius and broke a four-year-old record. In April the average temperature on the Earth matched a record value from year 2010. Historical records about temperatures go back to year 1880. In Europe heat hit mainly Spain.

Exceptionally warm ocean water mainly contributed to an especially warm May 2014. Ocean warming can additionally further make climate changes stronger. Scientists from an university in Scottish Edinburgh have found out, in fact, that because of growing global temperatures plankton ability to absorb carbon decreases. According to the scientists global temperatures growing can like that indirectly increase greenhouse gases amount in the atmosphere. And thus spin even more climate changes spiral.

The scientists also suppose global warming cause by man will, in the following years, make a climatic event El Niňo stronger and next year there will fall other temperature records in the world.

Future global climate changes would in fact hit the European Union countries very hard. If the EU and its member countries did not take any action, climate changes consequences would cost at least 190 billion Euro. This was stated in a study by Joint Research Centre (JRC), an advisory scientific body of the European Commission.

According to the study, the wholeworld temperatures would increase by 3.5 degrees Celsius and extreme weather fluctuations would get double. In years 2071 to 2100 heat would request up to 200, 000 victims every year, which is twice the amount of deaths which are now connected with high temperatures. More frequent forest fires would then burn down to 8, 000 square kilometres of forests in south Europe. River floods would cause over 10 billion Euro damage.

“Temperature changes would also endanger a number of valuable ecosystems and plant and animal species. That is why European countries have to significantly increase efforts to complete biocorridors network which would enable organisms to migrate in the north direction and to adapt like that to proceeding climate changes,” stated Dalibor Dostal, the director of conservation organisation European Wildlife.

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