Awaiting the first wolf pack continues

2010 - 12 - 21
Awaiting the first wolf pack continues

For more than a hundred and thirty years the largest complex of forests in Central Europe has been waiting for the return of the wolf pack. According to experts, Sumava National Park and Bavarian Forest National Park on the border of Germany and the Czech Republic are indeed the areas which could provide refuge to at least two packs of wolves.

The last wolf living at that area was shot on 2nd of December 1874. Its extermination in this region was a result of the human action that had lasted several centuries. During that time the wolves were being shot, caught in traps and poisoned. In the first half of the 20th century the wolves were hardly seen there at all. Not until the 1970s – 1980s. At that time some wolves were spotted, but the sightings were considered to be interrelated with the escape of eight wolves that run away from a corral near Altschönau on the Bavarian side of the mountains in winter 1975-76. Significantly more sightings were recorded in the area in 1990s. At the time the wolf population in Carpatia increased, mainly in Slovakia, and wolves started to migrate individually over greater distances.

On the Czech side of Sumava the wolf was seen on more than seventy occasions, however, in all the cases they were lone, migrating animals. No wolf packs were set up then, experts assume that intensive tourism in the area may be responsible for that. This year one of the visitors reported seeing a she-wolf with a cub, but no more reportings have been made after that to confirm the fact. Hence, awaiting the first wolf pack still continues.

The existence of big beasts of prey is important for healthy demographic evolution of herbivorous animals and the whole ecosystem. Creating a peaceful refuge for the wolves is one of the objectives of the European Centre of Biodiversity, which is the flagship project of the European Wildlife conservation organization. “New woodland areas in quieter parts of Sumava with less tourism can provide wolves with a good enough place for living and help them settle in this area for good,” believes Dalibor Dostal, director of the European Wildlife. European centre of biodiversity is a non-state nature reserve emerging in the area of around one hundred square kilometres. It is creating new forests and natural meadows on land which is no longer suitable for farming.

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